Breakthroughs in medical science: 5 major discoveries of the last decade

Some creative technologies of today seem unbelievable to us. A lot of diseases, that were beyond cure earlier, will soon become possible to heal as a common cold!

Breakthroughs in medical science

Our Joy-pup office has picked up some of the most amazing discoveries in medicine made during the last decade. The achievements of scientists are exciting!

Growing human organs and tissues

First transplantation took place in 2014

Today, organs and tissues can be grown artificially by means of 3D printing. Over the past few years, scientists have been able to successfully grow and implant organs to real patients. To this date, parts of the spine, arms, legs, internal organs, nerve endings, and even separate tissues have been printed utilizing a bioprinter.

Growing human organs and tissues

The first artificially built skull bone transplantation in human history was performed in the University Medical Center Utrecht (Netherlands) in spring, 2014.

Exoskeleton controlled by the brain

Research result announced in 2015

Collaborative work of scientists from Technical University in Germany and Korea University allowed creating an interface that can control the exoskeleton of the lower extremities. The device decodes brain signals and sends appropriate commands to the equipment.

Exoskeleton controlled by the brain

Participants in the experiment had a special device on their heads that can read brain signals. The device was controlled by looking at one of the 5 interface LEDs. So the exoskeleton could move forward, turn, sit and stand. This discovery will help solve the problems of thousands of physically challenged people.

Universal flu vaccine

Discovery made in 2012

There are more than 2 thousand strains of influenza in the world, that take away from 390 to 650 thousand human lives every year. The problem of this disease treatment is caused by different reactions of viruses to medications. A universal flu vaccine didn’t exist before 2012, when scientists from the University of Southampton, Oxford University, and the Clinical Virology Laboratory revealed a set of peptides specifically attributed to all influenza viruses.

Universal flu vaccine

These components are usually located on the outside of the virus, mutating almost lightning fast. But the discovered set of peptides locates inside the cell and mutates slowly. Scientists have found that these structures are present inside any strain of influenza. It is planned to use received information to develop a universal vaccine that will build an immunity to any flu for a long period of time.

Anesthesia utilizing light

The successful experiment carried out in 2015 

Severe pain is usually relieved by opium-based drugs. They are addictive, which leads to abuse and the most negative consequences for the body. At the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis neurologists managed to relieve pain with the help of light.

Anesthesia utilizing light

Light-sensitive protein and opioid receptors were combined in vitro, resulting in their activation. This will allow stopping attacks of pain using light in the future. Such medications are safe for the body. Positive experiments were carried out on mice. Photosensitive chip the thickness of a human hair was injected into their brain.

Unique cancer therapy

Research result is officially recognized in 2018

Famous scientists James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo won the Nobel Prize for finding a new cancer treatment method. They started working on it back in the 90s of the last century. The principle of the method is about the activation of the body’s own forces to fight cancer cells.

Unique cancer therapy

CTLA-4 cell protein downregulates T cells, which are a special type of white blood cells. They protect the body from bacteria, viruses, and other harmful cells (including cancer cells). Scientists have proposed injecting CTLA-4 protein antibodies into the body, which stimulates the immune system. Experience in mice allowed them to recover from cancer.

Scientists’ studies will soon help free of the most terrible diseases of our time. This science movement is on the rise, which gives hope to millions of patients with serious diseases all over the world.